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  • SMART 2017 International ConferenceSMART 2017 International Conference
    SMART 2017 – Scientific Methods in Academic Research and Teaching is an international conference, which will be held in Timișoara, Romania, between September 8 and September 9, 2017. This year, the conference will focus on three …
  • Why Are There So Few Women in IT?Why Are There So Few Women in IT?
    The world of technology has always been dominated by men, and it is reported a continuous decrease in women working in this field, despite the numerous campaigns to encourage them to enter the IT field. …
  • BRAIN: Intelligent System for Diagnosis of a Three-Phase Separator
    Wise frameworks for analysis have been utilized as a part of an assortment of spaces: budgetary assessment, credit scoring issue, distinguishing proof of programming and equipment issues of mechanical and electronic hardware, therapeutic determination, shortcoming …
  • BRAND: A Study of Principled Negotiation Based on the Chinese Harmony ThoughtBRAND: A Study of Principled Negotiation Based on the Chinese Harmony Thought
    In the latest volume of the BRAND, Shougang Zhang and Milan Constantinovits shows the importance of international negotiation in the process of globalisation. Cultural diversity has determined many failures in different domains, especially when it …
  • BRAIN: The Ambivalence of Strengths and Weaknesses of E-learning Educational ServicesBRAIN: The Ambivalence of Strengths and Weaknesses of E-learning Educational Services
    The most recent volume of the BRAIN journal has recorded another exploration on The Ambivalence of Strengths and Weaknesses of E-learning Educational Services proposed by Venera-Mihaela Cojocariu, Iuliana Lazar and Gabriel Lazar from Vasile Alecsandri …
  • BRAIN Journal – Open Education Practices for Learners with DisabilitiesBRAIN Journal – Open Education Practices for Learners with Disabilities
    Transition from traditional learning to open up education, the equality, openness and access has been reached for all learners without any time and distance limitations. While engaging online learning process, student support is the crucial …
  • BRAIN: A Robust Approach of Facial Orientation Recognition from Facial Features
    In the field of computer vision and pattern recognition, face orientation recognition stands as a significant topic. In the paper A Robust Approach of Facial Orientation Recognition from Facial Features, the authors Stefan Andrei, Kishor …
  • BRAND: Facilitating Public Audit Understanding At The Community LevelBRAND: Facilitating Public Audit Understanding At The Community Level
    Alexandru Țugui from Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania has done a little research in the latest volume of BRAND journal. The issues which European Union is confronted with, as far as open account, decides the …
  • LiBRI: On Studying Teacher’s Self EsteemLiBRI: On Studying Teacher’s Self Esteem
    Baghli Asmaa is bringing to light a new discussion in LiBRI journal: On Studying Teacher’s Self Esteem Based on Revised Janis Scale Application. An actual and controversial research that brings out some intensely sought answers …
  • BRAIN Volume 8, Issue 1 (April 2017) indexed in Web of ScienceBRAIN Volume 8, Issue 1 (April 2017) indexed in Web of Science
    We are happy to let you know about the recent indexation in Web of Science of the issue 1 (April 2017) of the 8th volume of our international journal BRAIN – Broad Research in Artificial …
  • BRAND: Research on Corruption – A Major Global ProblemBRAND: Research on Corruption – A Major Global Problem
    In the latest volume of the BRAND journal, Elena Cristina Pană and Ileana Nișulescu from Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, Romania give some additional understanding about corruption, from a worldwide perspective. Corruption in the public sector …
  • BRAIN: The Differences between Emergentism and Skill Acquisition TheoryBRAIN: The Differences between Emergentism and Skill Acquisition Theory
    When speaking about emergentism we mainly refer to the interaction between organism and environment and that denies the existence of pre-determined, domain specific faculties or capacities. In language acquisition, emergentists state that simple learning mechanisms …


Books written by us, published by international companies

Books written by Bogdan Patrut and Monica Patrut as main authors or co-authors, published by international companies


“Educational PowerPoint Presentations: Custom Animations: Custom Animations, VBA Programming, Ms Agent, and Lego Mindstorms” by Monica Patrut and Bogdan Patrut, in “Akademische Verlagsgemeinschaft München”, an imprint of Martin Meidenbauer Verlag, ISBN 978-3-86306-700-7. Click on the image to see it on Amazon.de.

carte5We developed with VBA some interactive presentations as suggestions for teachers and educators. Other presentations are addressed to the psychologists, who wish to realize personality or IQ tests, or artificial therapists. Also, some chapters present the way you could realize visual and auditory acuity tests, fill-in exercises, and map exercises. A special chapter shows how to use Microsoft Agent animated characters to bring to life your presentations. The last chapter brings PowerPoint from the virtual world of the screen to the real one of robots, presenting how to write programs in PowerPoint to control the Lego Mindstorms kit of robots.

“Algorithm Design Paradigms: Theory, Practice, and Educational Aspects”, Akademische Verlagsgemeinschaft München (an imprint of Martin Meidenbauer Verlag), ISBN 978-3-86306-667-3: Click on the image to see it on Amazon.de.

carte20The goal of the book is to review some important classes of algorithms (Backtracking, Recursion, Divide and conquer, Greedy). The book has been written having in mind the educational process. Once having understood a method of solving a class of problems, the student must move on to the writing of the algorithm. This must not be solved from memory, but on the contrary, the student himself must think how the algorithm should be implemented. The student must write what conditions or restrictions customize one general algorithm, in order to adapt it to a particular problem or to find a solution.

“Intelligent Agents in Distributed Monitoring Systems. Theory and Implementation” by Bogdan Patrut, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany, ISBN 978-3-8383-9735-1. Click on the image to see it on Amazon.com.

carte6Can documentation services be automatized within online electronic resources? Can searches using search engines be automatized? Can online linguistic resources be automatically used? To what extent can distributed work, distributed team research be automatized? or How can we organize agents within a “virtual teacher”? How can we endow a “virtual teacher” with feelings or temperament? How can we extract pragmatic information from different texts? How can we more effectively represent certain notions from a given field? This book will answer such questions by creating a theoretical tool and implementing it as architectures of multi-agent systems.

“Interactive Education in Accounting. A Multi-agent Solution” by Bogdan Patrut, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany, ISBN-13 : 978-3-8433-5751-7. Click on the image to see it on Amazon.com.

Icarte11n this book is presented the architecture of an intelligent system for teaching and checking of the acquisition of certain accounting competences. After presenting several didactic aspects of accounting education and the way in which computer assisted training can be used in learning accounting, we have reviewed the main concepts related to intelligent agents, pedagogic agents and multi-agent systems. The agents are grouped into subsystems. Each subsystem deals with one learning unit.

“New Mathematical Methods for Analyzing Political Discourse: Functions and Graphs for Political Speeches” by Bogdan Patrut and Monica Patrut, VDM Verlag, ISBN 978-3639299724. Click on the image to see it on Amazon.com.

carte4Our research aims at designing new and original methodological tools to facilitate a thorough and impartial analysis of any electoral campaign for local elections. We introduce the concepts of accord between political discourses, from three perspectives: themes, solutions, and political values. Also, we use graph theory for analysing political discourses. Some problems (like minimal spanning tree or Hamiltonian cycle) will help us analyse the political discourse. Also, graph theory can be a useful mathematical tool in analysing the electoral platforms or political discourses, highlighting nuclei of interest and links between topics.

carte10“Dynamic Data Structures: Lists, Stacks, Queues, and Trees” by Bogdan Patrut and Tiberiu Socaciu, Lehrbuchverlag, Germany, ISBN-13: 978-3841760043. Click on the image to see it on Amazon.com.

The purpose of this book is: a) to make students understand the difference between static and dynamic variables, and the role of the pointer variables; b) to point out the advantages of the dynamic allocation; c) to present the different types of data structures dynamically linked (stack, queue, double-linked list, circular list, binary tree); and d) to identify the optimally solvable problems, using different types of dynamic structures. Also, some basic operations and many code samples will be presented.

“Natural Language Processing: Syntactic Analysis, Lexical Disambiguation, Logical Formalisms, Discourse Theory, Bivalent Verbs” by Bogdan Patrut & Ioana Boghian, AVM, Munchen, Germany, 2012, ISBN 9783869242071.


To obtain results in automatically treating natural languages, these will often be approached as formal languages although natural languages are a lot more complex. In this book the main problems related to the semantics of natural language are reviewed. Also, the book presents various topics such as: the stages of communication in natural language, formal grammars for syntactic analysis, an idea for syntactic analysis based on morphological features of the language, types of ambiguity, lexical disambiguation algorithms, Wordnet and a library for accessing Wordnet by programmers, a Delphi implementation of a parser using CKY algorithm, logical formalisms for the semantics of natural language, discourse theory, conceptual dependency theory, bivalent verbs and pragmatics related problems. Some original results and studies about the Romanian language are included. The book contains some source codes and algorithms.


“Promotion des acteurs politiques dans une campagne électorale locale: Étude de cas: Bacau, Roumanie, 2004”, Akademische Verlagsgemeinschaft München,  2011, ISBN-13: 978-3869240817

carte_monicaLe but de notre recherche est d’analyser comment sont présentés tous les acteurs politiques impliqués dans les élections locales de la ville de Bacau de l’année 2004. À cette fin, nous pouvons ajouter aussi la nécessité de concevoir des outils méthodologiques qui facilitent une analyse approfondie et impartiale de toute campagne électorale locale. S’appuyant sur l’hypothèse de R.G. Schwartzenberg sur le spectacle politique et sa présence de plus en plus croissante dans les pays démocratiques, nous avons présenté la campagne des élections locales comme un spectacle qui est à même de mobiliser sur sa scène des acteurs politiques qui jouent des rôles devant leur public électeur.

“Jeux et autres applications en Delphi: Jeux d’adresse, de perspicacité et de logique, test à choix multiple et représentation graphique des surfaces” by Bogdan Patrut (French, traduction: Georgeta Marinescu), ISBN 978-613-1-55580-0, “Éditions universitaires européennes”; click here to see it on Amazon.fr;

L’carte18interface de l’application est facilement mise en oeuvre en Delphi, mais la conception du code comporte plus de difficultés de la part du programmeur, car cela implique la conception et la mise en oeuvre, en langage Object Pascal, des algorithmes efficaces pour les problèmes en cause. Ce livre est une collection d’applications dans l’environnement de programmation visuelle Delphi, développé et commercialisé par la société Borland (Inprise, Embarcadero). Les applications faisant partie du présent ouvrage traitent essentiellement de la question de jeux d’adresse, de perspicacité et de logique, un chapitre traitant des tests à choix multiple et un autre s’occupant de la représentation graphique des surfaces.

“Chapitres de recherche opérationnelle: Modèles mathématiques et algorithmes pour optimiser l’activité économique” by Bogdan Patrut and Cosmin Ion Tomozei, in VDM Verlag, ISBN 978-3-639-31708-4.

carte8Ce livre présente les opportunités devant lesquelles se trouve un manager en vue de l’optimisation du processus de production. Elles sont envisagées de la perspective économique, mathématique et algorithmique des problèmes de programmation linéaire et de la théorie des graphes, de la programmation dynamique et de l’ordonnancement d’atelier. Les algorithmes décrits ont été implémentés en langage BASIC. Le livre s’adresse aux managers et aux étudiants des facultés d’économie.

 “Programmation linéaire pour la gestion des entreprises. Applications en Management Scientist”, Éditions universitaires européennes, ISBN 978-613-1-54920-5.

carte17À la question si les mathématiques peuvent ou non aider à la prise de décision, la réponse est oui. Premièrement, parce qu’il y a des méthodes mathématiques qui peuvent faciliter le travail des décideurs et d’autre part parce que l’on peut ainsi simuler certaines applications pratiques. La recherche opérationnelle peut être brièvement définie en tant que matière de l’utilisation des décisions à l’aide de la modélisation mathématique. Elle est caractérisée, principalement, par le processus de fabrication des maquettes, en général mathématisées, qui décrivent les processus économiques au compte desquels il faudra prendre les décisions les plus favorables. Ce livre est une introduction à la programmation linéaire. Les exemples sont en “Management Scientist”.

“Dérivés financiers: Algorithmes parallèles pour une évaluation efficace” by Tiberiu Socaciu & Bogdan Patrut, ISBN-13: 978-3838188034.

carte9Le livre se présente comme une continuation de l’ouvrage « Financial Engineering» publié par AV Akademikerverlag où sont présentées des techniques de parallélisation des méthodes numériques d’évaluation des options financières. Le livre est divisé en 3 parties: la première partie résume les éléments de calcul parallèle, la seconde présente des algorithmes parallèles pour l’évaluation des dérivées financières en utilisant des simulations Monte Carlo et la troisième partie présente des algorithmes parallèles pour l’évaluation des dérivées financières par la résolution numérique de certaines équations différentielles aux dérivées partielles de type Black-Scholes et Merton-Garman.


carte12“Programation con Dephi” by Bogdan Patrut

Este libro es una colección de aplicaciones desarrolladas en los entorno de programación visual Delphi. El entorno de programación Delphi permite la elaboración de programas que se ejecutan en Windows, con interfaces web estilo Windows. Las interfaces de las aplicaciones están fáciles de implementar, pero el diseño y el desarrollo de unas aplicaciones inteligentes y poderosas no se pueden conseguir sin un esfuerzo de pensamiento por parte del programador. Esto implica el diseño y la implementación en el lenguaje Object Pascal de algoritmos eficientes para resolver las cuestiones planteadas.

carte15“Introduccion Al Mundo de La Programacion En Visual Basic” by Bogdan Patrut

Este libro es una guía práctica para Visual Basic y contiene una colección de aplicaciones desarrolladas en este entorno de programación. El entorno de programación Visual Basic permite la elaboración de programas que se ejecutan en Windows, con interfaces web estilo Windows, basado en el lenguaje de programación Basic, que es muy fácil de aprender. CONTENIDO: Iniciación en el entorno de programación Visual Basic, Botones de opción y cajas de texto, Cajas de verificación, Vectores de control, Listas y propiedades de los vectores, Métodos para las listas, Un juego con imágenes y cronómetros, Las tablas, Gráficos, Archivos texto – guardar y recuperar los datos, Ordenar los datos de la tabla, Aplicaciones (Calculadora de bolsillo, Biorritmo, Juegos (La caza de aves y Tetris)).

“El Exito Con DOS Entornos de Desarrollo Para Windows” by Bogdan Patrut, Tiberiu Socaciu, and Anamaria Siclovan

carte13Este libro está dirigido a los programadores que tienen conocimientos minimos de programación orientada a objetos en Visual Basic y Delphi. Sin embargo, incluso los programadores acostumbrados con los entornos de programación más simples pueden aprender fácilmente la programación visual en Delphi o Visual Basic, a partir de ejemplos como los de este libro. Los ejemplos de aplicaciones presentadas en este libro son diferentes por las temáticas tratadas. Hemos intentado cubrir un número suficiente de situaciones con que cualquier programador se encontraría cuando desearía desarrollar un programa más complejo en Visual Basic o Delphi.


“Financial Engineering: Numerische Methoden für die Bewertung finanziellen Möglichkeiten mit stochastischen Modellen” by Tiberiu Socaciu and Bogdan Patrut, ISBN 978-3639388442

carte3In diesem Buch stellten wir die wichtigsten statistischen und stochastischen Volatilitätsmodelle vor sowie Erweiterungen und Verallgemeinerungen dieser Modelle. Ausgegangen von den Modellen oder Gleichungen mit partiellen Ableitungen die den Wert einer Finanz Option beschreiben, haben wir numerische Methoden presentiert die die Finanz Optionen bewerten. a) Lösung der Gleichungen vom Typ Black-Scholes und Merton-Garman durch expliziten Formeln, wenn diese Formeln existieren. b) Simulationen der Flugbahnen und Bewertung der Optionen mit Monte Carlo Methoden; c) Verwendung numerischer Methoden (Finite Differenzen Methode in diesem Fall) um die Black-Scholes und Merton-Garman Gleichungen zu lösen; d) Verwendung latizialer Methoden (Binomialen, Trinomialen, Multinomialen Methoden) für die Bewertung der Finanz Optionen (in dieser Arbeit nicht behandelt, das Argument findet man in den Erläuterungen der Tabelle unten).


“Создание современных приложений PowerPoint с использованием VBA Психологические тесты, интеллектуальные тесты, проверочные тесты с множественным выбором, MsAgent и Lego MindStorms”, Palmarium Academic Publishing, ISBN 978-3-8473-9117-3

carte_rusaVisual Basic для приложений преобразует PowerPoint в очень мощную среду для разработки приложений. Некоторые приложения этой книги подскажут воспитателям и учителям как реализовать на компьютере программы более выраженного образовательного характера. Другие приложения адресованы психологам, которые хотят разработать компьютеризированные личностные или интеллектуальные тесты. Психологи и школьные консультанты увидят, что больше нет необходимости обращаться к специалисту в области информатики, чтобы тот разработал для них подобную программу, или много тратить на специализированные продукты. Таким образом, данная книга предназначена преподавателям, воспитателям и учителям, психологам, школьным консультантам, врачам, социальным работникам, а также детям, ученикам, студентам, специалистам в области информатики и, не в последнюю очередь, Вам.