Home » Journals » BRAIN: The Role of the Conceptual Invariants Regarding the Prevention of the Software Artefacts’ Obsolescence

Calendar

July 2017
M T W T F S S
« Jun   Aug »
 12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31  

Read these articles

  • BRAIN: New Computer Assisted Diagnostic to Detect Alzheimer DiseaseBRAIN: New Computer Assisted Diagnostic to Detect Alzheimer Disease
    Researchers Ben Rabeh Amira, Benzarti Faouzi, Amiri Hamid and Mouna Ben Djebara propose a new study in the BRAIN journal, New Computer Assisted Diagnostic to Detect Alzheimer Disease. In this study, the researchers portray another Computer Assisted Diagnosis (CAD) to naturally …
  • BRAIN: Integrating MOOCs in Embedded Systems Blended Courses
    The Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) phenomenon has been growing in popularity and importance in the last decade, receiving valuable recognition from renowned universities from all over the world. MOOC can be simply defined as …
  • SMART 2017 International ConferenceSMART 2017 International Conference
    SMART 2017 – Scientific Methods in Academic Research and Teaching is an international conference, which will be held in Timișoara, Romania, between September 8 and September 9, 2017. This year, the conference will focus on three …
  • BRAIN: Intelligent System for Diagnosis of a Three-Phase Separator
    Wise frameworks for analysis have been utilized as a part of an assortment of spaces: budgetary assessment, credit scoring issue, distinguishing proof of programming and equipment issues of mechanical and electronic hardware, therapeutic determination, shortcoming …
  • BRAIN: Efficient Filtering of Noisy Fingerprint ImagesBRAIN: Efficient Filtering of Noisy Fingerprint Images
    Fingerprint identification is an imperative field in the wide space of biometrics with numerous applications, in various zones such as: judicial, cell telephones, access systems, airports. There are many elaborated algorithms for fingerprint identification, but none …
  • BRAIN: Automatic Anthropometric System Development Using Machine Learning
    In the latest volume of the BRAIN journal, Long The Nguyen and Huong Thu Nguyen from Irkutsk National Technical University in Lermontov, Russia have developed a research paper on the Automatic Anthropometric System Development using …
  • BRAIN: Artificial Intelligence as a Decision-making Tool in Planning the Research
    Because of their ability to reproduce the biological neural networks, ANNs (Artificial neural networks) have found uncountable applications to a wide range of disciplines. Simina Maris, Titus Slavici, Petre Nenu and Liliana Baciu will present …
  • BRAIN: Right-Linear Languages Generated in Systems of Knowledge Representation based on LSGBRAIN: Right-Linear Languages Generated in Systems of Knowledge Representation based on LSG
    Daniela Dănciulescu (University of Craiova), Mihaela Colhon (University of Craiova) and Gheorghe Grigoraș (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași) worked on a study which extends the method presented in a work of Tudor (Preda) (2010), …
  • BRAND: A Neuro Solution for Economic Diagnosis and Prediction
    The paper introduces an answer for the financial action advancement analytic and expectation by method for an arrangement of pointers. Beginning from the markers set, there is characterized a measure on the examples set, measure …
  • BRAND: Assessment of Recovery Of Damages In The New Romanian Civil CodeBRAND: Assessment of Recovery Of Damages In The New Romanian Civil Code
    Professor Ion Țuțuianu from Vasile Alecsandri University, Bacau Romania reflecting upon important changes in the Romanian Civil Code, in the BRAND journal. The subject’s methodology is required additionally on the grounds that, once received the …
  • BRAIN: Conscience in Language TeachingBRAIN: Conscience in Language Teaching
    Conscience in Language Teaching and its Relationship with Language Proficiency and Emotional Intelligence of EFL Teachers by Sedighe Jalili Kalangestani was published here. Several factors contribute to the efficacy of an English language teacher, among which, …
  • LiBRI: Obsessive Contradictions in ”Pădurea Spânzuraților”
    “Pădurea Spânzuraţilor” written by Liviu Rebreanu is a complex novel whose fundamental theme is the inner conflict. The paper Obsessive Contradictions in ”Pădurea spânzuraților” written by Florentina Gabriela Stroe is aimed at highlighting the protagonist’s struggle …

Categories

BRAIN: The Role of the Conceptual Invariants Regarding the Prevention of the Software Artefacts’ Obsolescence

Răzvan Bocu and Dorin Bocu from the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Transilvania University of Brașov, Romania, wrote a paper on the role of the conceptual invariats concerning the prevention of the artefacts’ obscolescence, emphasizing the software engineering. The aim is to understand the invariants’ role considering the continuous qualitative progress of the human artefacts, making a connection with software systems engineering. Approaching the artefacts’ obscolence is possible only through changes. They generate discomfort for other artefacts and the amplification of this discomfort beyond a certain tolerance may be called obsolescence.

Structure and behaviour during the specification of an artefact
Structure and behaviour during the specification of an artefact

There are works which underline the importance of the concept of structure during the modeling process of the systemic artefacts and the importance of the interface considering the capability of an artefact to cooperate. The structure (S) and the interface (I) are invariants and they are featured by certain stability (ST). By using these terms, the researchers want to explain which role the stability of these invariants plays regarding the obsolescence of the software systems.

Consequently, they analyze the structure, the behaviour and the change of an artefact. Firstly, the authors develop the necessity for an artefact to restructure, which has two components: the internal dynamics of the artefact and the dynamics of the artefact’s relations with the environment inside which it operates. The paper includes Figure 2, which is a representation of the evolutive model of an artefact in agreement with the exigencies of the operating environment. A better granularity, an increased adaptability, an added degree of scalability, etc, are just some of the essential benefits of an artefact’s evolution. According to this figure, it can be stated that the obsolescence of the software artefacts is unavoidable. However, people have the alternative to address the obsolescence through appropriate methods. The changes represent such a method.

So, changes regarding the evolution of the artefacts’ structure and behaviour appear, and they are of 4 essential types. The researchers tend to explain the changes as being both a necessity and a component of causal chain and, in order to help the reader understand them better, they raise some questions. Is the artefact affected by chaos? Would the artefact benefit from the re-specification of its objectives? Does the artefact require additional efficiency? Does the artefact have problems with its active interaction towards the environmental context?

According to these questions, the adaptation of the artefacts to changes may be divided into technological changes, requirements changes, new modelling paradigm, screening for hidden errors and user assessment on medium and long term. Consequently, they admit that the change may be appreciated as a modality through which an artefact adapts to new requirements in the operaing environment. Therefore, the artifacts survive only if the change exists. Considering the perspective of survival, the change is the expression of an artefact’s behaviour. There are presented two types of changes. Both of them define the artefact’s behaviour, but the difference is that the first type is founded on a given structural invariance, while the second one is associated to a certain reorganization demarche.

In conclusion, Răzvan Bocu and Dorin Bocu admit that the obsolescence of the software artefacts is unavoidable, but, in order to have the guarantee of a good longevity of the artefacts, it is useful to found the modelling of the software artefacts on conceptual invariants, together with clear and pragmatic usage principles for them.

Read more here:

https://www.edusoft.ro/brain/index.php/brain/article/view/655

Mihaela Guţu