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  • LiBRI: Obsessive Contradictions in ”Pădurea Spânzuraților”
    “Pădurea Spânzuraţilor” written by Liviu Rebreanu is a complex novel whose fundamental theme is the inner conflict. The paper Obsessive Contradictions in ”Pădurea spânzuraților” written by Florentina Gabriela Stroe is aimed at highlighting the protagonist’s struggle …
  • BRAIN: Software Application for Disabled StudentsBRAIN: Software Application for Disabled Students
    Modern universities rely increasingly on communication technologies for the educational processes and the management of academic databases. In the paper “Software Application for Disabled Students” the researchers Laszlo Csiki, Andrei Gabor, Marius Popescu, and Antoanela …
  • LiBRI: Aspects of Spanish ParemiologyLiBRI: Aspects of Spanish Paremiology
    In the latest volume of LiBRI journal, Alin Titi Calin from “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi contributes with a research on the Aspects of Spanish Paremiology. Every people group has its own particular paremiological treasure. …
  • BRAND: Pricing in Multi-Heston Framework
    BRAND journal provides a very interesting article written by Tiberiu Socaciu from Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Faculty of Economics. This article displays a definitive in determining an estimating system’s multi-Heston. Fundamentally, he utilizes the …
  • BRAIN: Browsing Semantic Data in SlovakiaBRAIN: Browsing Semantic Data in Slovakia
    Ján Mojžiš and Michal Laclavík present an interesting topic in the academic article Browsing Semantic Data in Slovakia in the latest volume of BRAIN journal. Semantic data browsing is an important task for open and governmental data in …
  • BRAND: Indian Kisan Credit Card Scheme: An Analytical StudyBRAND: Indian Kisan Credit Card Scheme: An Analytical Study
    In the latest volume of the BRAND, Dharmendra Mehta, Hitendra Trivedi, and Naveen K Mehta will not only explain the key features and assess the role and contribution of Kisan credit card scheme but also …
  • LiBRI: Questioning Communication Models and ConstructsLiBRI: Questioning Communication Models and Constructs
    LiBRI is an international journal for specialists in linguistics, literature, cultural studies, and related fields. Paul Rastall is contributing with a research in the latest volume of the LiBRI journal: Questioning Communication Models and Constructs …
  • BRAND: The Legal Regulation of the Substitution of the Budgetary Credit Release AuthorityBRAND: The Legal Regulation of the Substitution of the Budgetary Credit Release Authority
    Ionel Bostan brings forward some improvements to be taken into account regarding the modification of legal norms which should ensure at least the functioning of the local authorities without elected officials. Basic needs of inhabitants …
  • Women and Girls in STEMWomen and Girls in STEM
    STEM education has become more and more important, and it is required for an interconnected global economy. The acronym refers to a range of academic disciplines, such as science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, meant to …
  • LiBRI: Freedom – a Way of  Surviving in the Novel Everything FlowsLiBRI: Freedom – a Way of Surviving in the Novel Everything Flows
    PhD Alina Sora from University of Bucharest, brings into the light the concept of freedom, as a way of surviving in the Vasily Grossman novel Everything Flows. The present study concentrates in transit in which an …
  • BRAIN: Classification of Human EmotionBRAIN: Classification of Human Emotion
    An innovative research in BRAIN journal, Classification of Human Emotion from Deap EEG Signal Using Hybrid Improved Neural Networks with Cuckoo Search, academic article provided by M. Sreeshakthy and J. Preethi, both professors at Anna …
  • BRAND: Research on Corruption – A Major Global ProblemBRAND: Research on Corruption – A Major Global Problem
    In the latest volume of the BRAND journal, Elena Cristina Pană and Ileana Nișulescu from Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, Romania give some additional understanding about corruption, from a worldwide perspective. Corruption in the public sector …

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BRAIN: Novel Ontologies-Based OCR – Error Correction Cooperating with Graph Component Extraction

The article written by Sarunya Kanjanawattana and Masaomi Kimura is a study about Optical Character Recognition (OCR), which represents a a typical tool used to transform image-based characters to computer editable characters. The two illustrate a novel method which is a combination of a graph componenet extraction and an OCR-error correction.

In the last years, graphs became very important to researches, as they contain significant information which can be extracted and used. Graphs offer data summarization which presents essential information that is interpreted by acquiring small descriptive details. In order to succeed in obtaining a primary interpretation, OCR was created, which is an approving solution used for acquiring graph components as a digital format o character letters.  This study uses a collection of bar graphs which contains at least axis descriptions and a legend in order to illustrate OCR.

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    Nowadays, learning is not anymore a passive process. It has become more dynamic and it has begun to use another medium than the written word or the exercise book. In the article titled Evaluation of Readiness for Distance Education of Students in European Universities, professors Diana Vasilevska, Baiba Rivza and Răzvan Bogdan present the results of an evaluation process concerning one of the most spread and new educational movements – distant education. The evaluation included students from different states of Europe as Poland, Serbia, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus and Romania. The aim of this demarche was to see if all the…
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