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Review on “A Genetic Algorithm Approach to Regenerate Image from a Reduce Scaled Image Using Bit Data Count”

One of the biggest problems that we can encounter when scaling a picture that’s small to a big dimension is the fact that small scaled image are losing some important bits of information which cannot be recovered when scaled back. This problem though, can be fixed using multi-objective genetic algorithm. Researchers Kishor Datta Gupta and Sajib Sen are describing a genetic algorithm approach to recover lost bits while image resized to the smaller version using the original image data bit counts which are stored while the image is scaled. This method is very scalable to apply in a distributed system. Also, the same method can be applied to recover error bits in any types of data blocks.

genetic_algorithm_image_processing

(more…)

Related Posts

  • 54
    The article written by Ahmet Demir from Harahalli Vocational School, Usak University, Ușak, Turkey and Utku Kose from Computer Sciences Application and Research Center, Usak University, Ușak, Turkey is a research which takes into account the importance of optimization and of solving its problems. They propose intelligent optimization techniques based on Artificial Intelligence in order to use them for optimization problems. So that they can provide a comparative study on the employment of classical optimization solutions and Artificial Intelligence solutions, two optimization algorithms are proposed: Vortex Optimization Algorithm (VOA) and Cognitive Development Optimization Algorithm (CoDOA). Optimization is defined as choosing…
    Tags: algorithm, artificial, computer, science, intelligence
  • 52
    Technology has become more than a phenomenon used for innovation, it is now a science put in the service of making human life easier. If in the past, taking a picture of yourself required a voluminous camera with an obscure chamber, nowadays we have our cameras to ourselves for they are incorporated in our gadgets. Therefore, we take pictures of everything we see – recording reality is just one swipe away and ready in the blink of an eye. However, sometimes is difficult to skim through thousands of photos in order to find a specific one. Nabil M. Hewahi and…
    Tags: image, science, recognition, artificial, intelligence
  • 40
    The aim of this journal is to create links between researchers from apparently different scientific fields, such as Computer Science and Neurology. In fact, there are a lot of topics such as Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Sciences and Neurosciences that can intersect in the study of the brain and its intelligent functions. Our journal contains (in section BRAINovations and BRAINStorming) peer review articles. These articles should be original unpublished articles of the authors. The peer review process is a blind one. The reviewers are well recognized scientists who are part of our scientific board, and independent reviewers. Some innovative young researchers…
    Tags: intelligence, artificial, computer, science
  • 37
    Starting with 2010, we edit and publish 3 academic journals for scholars around the world. These journals are indexed by various international  indexing services, like Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics / Thomson-Reuters). EBSCO, DOAJ, Google Scholar, CiteSeerX etc. Our journals are interdisciplinary and they cover three main domains of science: BRAIN: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, ISSN: 2067-3957, E-ISSN: (1-4 issues per year, English) The aim of this journal is to create links between researchers from apparently different scientific fields, such as Computer Science and Neurology. In fact, there are a lot of topics such as Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive…
    Tags: science, intelligence, artificial, computer

About Machine Ethics and Artificial Intelligence Safety

 

We are all familiar with the movies in which robots take control over humans and then chaos is brought into the world just because these forms of artificial intelligence became too developed. But is this actually possible or is it just an invention of the movie directors in order to attract more audience? Researcher Utku Kose tried to depict the possible scenarios in which this could happen and he also came up with some solutions in the article Are We Safe Enough in the Future of Artificial Intelligence? A Discussion on Machine Ethics and Artificial Intelligence Safety. Starting from the point that currently there are many anxious people about the possible existence of dangerous intelligent systems, Utku talked about many hypotheses and tried to find some answers to questions that probably we all have asked at a point in our life.

Sophia_(robot)_2

(more…)

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  • 32
    We all know what emotions are and how they can influence someone’s decisions. In many fields, emotions play a big role and almost every time they can be seen on someone’s face. It is difficult to read the emotions on somebody’s face when you actually concentrate more on what the person is saying. Not everyone can be a multi-tasking master and pay attention to the body language as well (which by the way, sometimes shows the true feelings of a person). In marketing for example, we can see very clearly the attitude that a customer has over a product just…
    Tags: kose, intelligence, artificial, intelligent, utku
  • 29
    Social Media in Academia: Research and Teaching provides relevant theoretical frameworks, and the latest research on social media and its challenges in the educational and political context. Our conference is essential for professionals aiming to improve their understanding of social media at different levels of education and in civic/social/political engagement, as well as researchers in the fields of e-learning, educational science, political science, new media, information and communication sciences, and much more. Details about SMART 2015 Keynote speakers Topics of the conference Committees Deadlines and instructions for authors Fee and registration Location of SMART 2015 Participants and Schedule This year, our…
    Tags: artificial, intelligence, future
  • 23
    Technology has become more than a phenomenon used for innovation, it is now a science put in the service of making human life easier. If in the past, taking a picture of yourself required a voluminous camera with an obscure chamber, nowadays we have our cameras to ourselves for they are incorporated in our gadgets. Therefore, we take pictures of everything we see – recording reality is just one swipe away and ready in the blink of an eye. However, sometimes is difficult to skim through thousands of photos in order to find a specific one. Nabil M. Hewahi and…
    Tags: artificial, intelligence
  • 23
    The article written by Ahmet Demir from Harahalli Vocational School, Usak University, Ușak, Turkey and Utku Kose from Computer Sciences Application and Research Center, Usak University, Ușak, Turkey is a research which takes into account the importance of optimization and of solving its problems. They propose intelligent optimization techniques based on Artificial Intelligence in order to use them for optimization problems. So that they can provide a comparative study on the employment of classical optimization solutions and Artificial Intelligence solutions, two optimization algorithms are proposed: Vortex Optimization Algorithm (VOA) and Cognitive Development Optimization Algorithm (CoDOA). Optimization is defined as choosing…
    Tags: problems, artificial, intelligence

Emotion Extractions from Facial Expressions by Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques

We all know what emotions are and how they can influence someone’s decisions. In many fields, emotions play a big role and almost every time they can be seen on someone’s face. It is difficult to read the emotions on somebody’s face when you actually concentrate more on what the person is saying. Not everyone can be a multi-tasking master and pay attention to the body language as well (which by the way, sometimes shows the true feelings of a person). In marketing for example, we can see very clearly the attitude that a customer has over a product just by looking at his face. Let us all agree, life would be way easier if we would be always aware of what a person is truly feeling.

Taking in account all that, researchers Hakan Boz and Utku Kose conducted a study and wrote an article called ’’Emotion Extractions from Facial Expressions by Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques’’. Nowadays, in an era where technology becomes more and more dominant in each and every field, these researchers developed a system that is actually able to identify the emotion of a person based on his facial expression. In detail, the system considered a Cascade Feedforward Artificial Neural Network model trained by a recent optimization algorithm called as Vortex Optimization Algorithm.

The main objective is generally finding the points determining different parts of a face. After determining the related parts of a face, it becomes easier to have idea about i.e. facial expression. On the other hand, it is also important that different genders, different races and even changing sizes of a head – face can affect the way of detecting facial expression. So, it has always been important, especially for researchers working on detecting facial expressions by intelligent systems, to use appropriate types of data. The researchers Boz and Kose applied 3 sets of data, the first set containing 490 photos with genders, and adjusted for 7 emotions, the second set including 810 photos with genders, races, and adjusted for 7 emotions and the third set (the authors’ choices) 100 photos chosen randomly and adjusted for 7 emotions.

 Different data sets for the application of emotion extraction from facial expressions
Different data sets for the application of emotion extraction from facial expressions

In order to train the system, the researchers used Microsoft Kinect 3D infrastructure to gather 3D face points. Microsoft Kinect 3D is a popular system of both hardware and software solutions for effective recognition processes from photos or videos. The results had been positive and the system was able to extract the emotions from different photographs. They used the Vortex Optimization Algorithm. This is an intelligent, Swarm Intelligence based algorithm, which was developed by Kose and Arslan by inspiring from dynamics of vortices in the nature. In detail, the algorithm uses some role-based and evolutionary mechanisms to achieve the optimization solution processes.

In conclusion, the researchers succeeded in developing a system that is effective enough to extract different emotions from photos related to individuals with different gender and even different race. We are all sure that this is the future of technology and soon enough, emotion reading won’t be a secret for the humankind anymore.

Ecaterina Filimon

Related Posts

  • 40
    Technology has become more than a phenomenon used for innovation, it is now a science put in the service of making human life easier. If in the past, taking a picture of yourself required a voluminous camera with an obscure chamber, nowadays we have our cameras to ourselves for they are incorporated in our gadgets. Therefore, we take pictures of everything we see – recording reality is just one swipe away and ready in the blink of an eye. However, sometimes is difficult to skim through thousands of photos in order to find a specific one. Nabil M. Hewahi and…
    Tags: networks, neural, photos, based, recognition, artificial, intelligence
  • 39
    The article written by Ahmet Demir from Harahalli Vocational School, Usak University, Ușak, Turkey and Utku Kose from Computer Sciences Application and Research Center, Usak University, Ușak, Turkey is a research which takes into account the importance of optimization and of solving its problems. They propose intelligent optimization techniques based on Artificial Intelligence in order to use them for optimization problems. So that they can provide a comparative study on the employment of classical optimization solutions and Artificial Intelligence solutions, two optimization algorithms are proposed: Vortex Optimization Algorithm (VOA) and Cognitive Development Optimization Algorithm (CoDOA). Optimization is defined as choosing…
    Tags: optimization, algorithm, vortex, artificial, intelligence
  • 32
      We are all familiar with the movies in which robots take control over humans and then chaos is brought into the world just because these forms of artificial intelligence became too developed. But is this actually possible or is it just an invention of the movie directors in order to attract more audience? Researcher Utku Kose tried to depict the possible scenarios in which this could happen and he also came up with some solutions in the article Are We Safe Enough in the Future of Artificial Intelligence? A Discussion on Machine Ethics and Artificial Intelligence Safety. Starting from…
    Tags: intelligence, artificial, intelligent, kose, utku
  • 31
    One of the biggest problems that we can encounter when scaling a picture that’s small to a big dimension is the fact that small scaled image are losing some important bits of information which cannot be recovered when scaled back. This problem though, can be fixed using multi-objective genetic algorithm. Researchers Kishor Datta Gupta and Sajib Sen are describing a genetic algorithm approach to recover lost bits while image resized to the smaller version using the original image data bit counts which are stored while the image is scaled. This method is very scalable to apply in a distributed system.…
    Tags: algorithm, recognition, intelligence, artificial

BRAIN: Brain and AI

As years pass, the importance of Artificial Intelligence grows at a fast pace. The evolution of this concept is being presented to the readers in Ángel Garrido’s upcoming paper, titled Brain and AI. Starting with the historical origins of this scientific field at the Darmouth Conference in 1956, the famous Turing test, the Strong vs. Weak AI discussion, the Chinese Room argument etc., and proceeding with projects such as Blue Brain Project, the central purpose of AI has always been to create an admissible model for human knowledge.

The Blue Brain Project is being briefly described by Garrido as an initiative to build an artificial copy of the mammalian brain by using an IBM supercomputer with ten thousand processors. Just like in aeronautics, the tool will be able to understand what happens in the brain during dysfunctional situations, and may try different behaviors.

Blue Brain Project
Blue Brain Project

(more…)

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  • 51
    Social Media in Academia: Research and Teaching provides relevant theoretical frameworks, and the latest research on social media and its challenges in the educational and political context. Our conference is essential for professionals aiming to improve their understanding of social media at different levels of education and in civic/social/political engagement, as well as researchers in the fields of e-learning, educational science, political science, new media, information and communication sciences, and much more. Details about SMART 2015 Keynote speakers Topics of the conference Committees Deadlines and instructions for authors Fee and registration Location of SMART 2015 Participants and Schedule This year, our…
    Tags: will, conference, blue, brain, artificial, journal, intelligence
  • 47
    \ Academia EduSoft Academia EduSoft is a brand name. It represents the unification of the academic branches of Asociatia EduSoft (NGO) and EduSoft Limited company. You can see information about the two entities at the bottom of this page. Starting with 2010, we edit and publish 3 academic journals for scholars around the world. These journals are indexed by various international indexing services, like Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics / Thomson-Reuters). EBSCO, DOAJ, Google Scholar, CiteSeerX etc. Our journals are interdisciplinary and they cover three main domains of science: BRAIN: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, ISSN: 2067-3957, E-ISSN: (1-4 issues…
    Tags: conference, artificial, intelligence, journal, brain, robotics
  • 38
    Because of their ability to reproduce the biological neural networks, ANNs (Artificial neural networks) have found uncountable applications to a wide range of disciplines. Simina Maris, Titus Slavici, Petre Nenu and Liliana Baciu will present in the latest volume of BRAIN journal an article about the usage of artificial intelligence, especially artificial neural networks (ANNs), in the development of an efficient research plan for studying the quality of finite products, in particular wood briquettes obtained from various biomass mixtures. Their work is a response to the needs expressed by a private company (SC Andrei Slavici SRL) searching for innovation in…
    Tags: artificial, intelligence, brain, human, paper, will, journal, applications, range
  • 37
    The aim of this journal is to create links between researchers from apparently different scientific fields, such as Computer Science and Neurology. In fact, there are a lot of topics such as Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Sciences and Neurosciences that can intersect in the study of the brain and its intelligent functions. Our journal contains (in section BRAINovations and BRAINStorming) peer review articles. These articles should be original unpublished articles of the authors. The peer review process is a blind one. The reviewers are well recognized scientists who are part of our scientific board, and independent reviewers. Some innovative young researchers…
    Tags: journal, brain, intelligence, artificial

BRAIN: Artificial Intelligence as a Decision-making Tool in Planning the Research

Because of their ability to reproduce the biological neural networks, ANNs (Artificial neural networks) have found uncountable applications to a wide range of disciplines. Simina Maris, Titus Slavici, Petre Nenu and Liliana Baciu will present in the latest volume of BRAIN journal an article about the usage of artificial intelligence, especially artificial neural networks (ANNs), in the development of an efficient research plan for studying the quality of finite products, in particular wood briquettes obtained from various biomass mixtures.

Their work is a response to the needs expressed by a private company (SC Andrei Slavici SRL) searching for innovation in the production of wood pellets and briquettes on the market of nonconventional bio-fuels.

Example of multilayer neural network (source: Samarasinghe, 2016)
Example of multilayer neural network (source: Samarasinghe, 2016)

(more…)

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  • 51
    Technology has become more than a phenomenon used for innovation, it is now a science put in the service of making human life easier. If in the past, taking a picture of yourself required a voluminous camera with an obscure chamber, nowadays we have our cameras to ourselves for they are incorporated in our gadgets. Therefore, we take pictures of everything we see – recording reality is just one swipe away and ready in the blink of an eye. However, sometimes is difficult to skim through thousands of photos in order to find a specific one. Nabil M. Hewahi and…
    Tags: brain, networks, neural, artificial, intelligence
  • 46
    \ Academia EduSoft Academia EduSoft is a brand name. It represents the unification of the academic branches of Asociatia EduSoft (NGO) and EduSoft Limited company. You can see information about the two entities at the bottom of this page. Starting with 2010, we edit and publish 3 academic journals for scholars around the world. These journals are indexed by various international indexing services, like Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics / Thomson-Reuters). EBSCO, DOAJ, Google Scholar, CiteSeerX etc. Our journals are interdisciplinary and they cover three main domains of science: BRAIN: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, ISSN: 2067-3957, E-ISSN: (1-4 issues…
    Tags: artificial, academic, intelligence, journal, innovation, brain, sc, methods, company, networks
  • 40
    Starting with 2010, we edit and publish 3 academic journals for scholars around the world. These journals are indexed by various international  indexing services, like Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics / Thomson-Reuters). EBSCO, DOAJ, Google Scholar, CiteSeerX etc. Our journals are interdisciplinary and they cover three main domains of science: BRAIN: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, ISSN: 2067-3957, E-ISSN: (1-4 issues per year, English) The aim of this journal is to create links between researchers from apparently different scientific fields, such as Computer Science and Neurology. In fact, there are a lot of topics such as Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive…
    Tags: innovation, journal, intelligence, brain, artificial, academic, practical
  • 40
    Social Media in Academia: Research and Teaching provides relevant theoretical frameworks, and the latest research on social media and its challenges in the educational and political context. Our conference is essential for professionals aiming to improve their understanding of social media at different levels of education and in civic/social/political engagement, as well as researchers in the fields of e-learning, educational science, political science, new media, information and communication sciences, and much more. Details about SMART 2015 Keynote speakers Topics of the conference Committees Deadlines and instructions for authors Fee and registration Location of SMART 2015 Participants and Schedule This year, our…
    Tags: will, brain, artificial, journal, intelligence, latest, academic, work