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LiBRI: Obsessive Contradictions in ”Pădurea Spânzuraților”

“Pădurea Spânzuraţilor” written by Liviu Rebreanu is a complex novel whose fundamental theme is the inner conflict. The paper Obsessive Contradictions in ”Pădurea spânzuraților” written by Florentina Gabriela Stroe is aimed at highlighting the protagonist’s struggle to regain balance and analyzes the contradictions which occour in his mindset.

Film Adaptation: Forest of the Hanged
Film Adaptation: Forest of the Hanged (1965)

The Romanian writer Liviu Rebreanu published his work in 1922. It was partly inspired by the experience of his brother, an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army, who was hanged for espionage and desertion during World War I. The criticism of those times were very favorable for the novel and critics like Eugen Lovinescu affirmed that it is the best Romanian psychological novel and also a methodical study powered by precise facts and incidents pushed beyond the rational netting, deep inside the subconscious. No less was said by George Călinescu, who sees the novela as a monography of an agonizing incertitude, in which the main charater illustrates the psychology of the mediocre soul controlled by two different attitudes imposed from the outside.

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LiBRI: Death Obsession in Anton Holban’s Novels

Death is a topic of interest for most of us and it is safe to affirm that it generates, depending on temperament and cultural level, completly different views. The theme of death is fundamental in Anton Holban’s novels as remaked by Adelina Lascu in her paper. She states that Anton Holban had always advocated for authenticity and for the cult of living, his work being deeply marked by autobiographical elements and themes like love, death, jealousy and a detailed psychological analysis of the inner self.

A death that proves nothing (1931)
A Death that Proves Nothing (1931)

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LiBRI: The Sacred in Literature and Arts

We all know that the sacred is present in our lives, but sometimes we cannot understand it and perceive it. This paper represents and endeavor of synthesizing knowledge from the field of arts, literature, art criticism and history of religions, starting with the conception of the sacred from the book The Visual Representation of the Sacred, written by Adrian Stoleriu. The paper has 3 main sections: the Sacred, the Sacred in Literature and the Sacred in Contemporary Works of Art.

The Visual Representation of the Sacred
The Visual Representation of the Sacred

Firstly, the paper defines the word “sacred” as not being related to literature or arts. But, as seen in the next lines, we realize that this word has a very large meaning. Still, the author offers broad perspectives on the Romanian, English and French definitions on the term, also decribing Rudolf Otto’s perspective, a German theologian and philosopher, and one of Mircea Eliade, a Romanian historian of religions. The author focused on the Romanian-French-English perspective of the concept and reveals the origins of the word “sacred”, linking it to its meanings.

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LIBRI: The Values of Antiquity in Contemporary Literature and Arts

In the entitled article The Values of Antiquity in Contemporary Literature and Arts, Ph.D. and lecturer, Paula Onofrei is aiming to find the common grounds between the art of the Antiquity and the art of the modern era. The article refers to both visual art and literature and their ancient legacy that is still visible today.

There is no doubt that Antiquity was and still is a source of inspiration for the modern art. It is undeniable that without the ancient period, not only we would be unable to create a link between the modern art and the past, but there wouldn’t be any art at all.

An example of contemporary art by Damián Ortega
An example of contemporary art by Damián Ortega

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LiBRI: Le rôle de la langue roumaine dans le processus d’internationalisation de l’enseignement supérieur roumain

Le dernier numéro de la revue LiBRI présente, parmi les autres, l’article écrit par Oana-Luiza Barbu intitulé « Le Rôle de la Langue Roumaine dans le Processus d’Internationalisation de l’Enseignement Supérieur Roumain », à travers lequel l’auteure se propose d’analyser la manière dans laquelle la langue roumaine est instrumentalisée par le processus d’internationalisation et de voir quelles sont les résultats de ce processus.

Dans le cadre du processus d’internationalisation, la langue roumaine représente l’instrument par lequel la culture roumaine est promue, et le spécifique national est préservé.

Globe-Multiculturalism

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LiBRI: Talk – Creation or Destruction of Meaning

In the latest volume of the LiBRI, PhD Cristina Dimulescu, in the article Talk – Creation or Destruction of Meaning, brings into light the dispute that has been caused by the controversial power of the spoken word and demonstrates that talk gives rise to new meanings and implicitly to a new language, instead of destroying them.

As the importance of verbal communication has been analysed from different angles, there are two sides that stand out by sharing totally opposite views. On one side, there are the authors of the theatre of the absurd and on the other side, there are the linguists and the philosophers of language. The former believe that words are incapable of delivering the meaning, while the later stand for the value of the language and the new meanings that result from human interaction.

verbal-communication

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LiBRI: The Play on Incarnation as Artistic Creation in Allen Ginsberg’s ‘Howl’

In the latest volume of the LiBRI, Andreea Paris illustrates in the article “The Play on Incarnation as Artistic Creation in Allen Ginsberg’s ‘Howl’” different modalities used by Ginsberg in the poem “Howl” to express the concept of incarnation.

Howl-Allen-Ginsberg-Cover
“Howl” written by Allen Ginsberg

In this essay, the author will approach the theological implication of incarnation illustrated in the poem “Howl”, in order to show Alan Ginsberg’s perspective upon the transcendence of spiritual elements into physical ones (the metaphysical act is conveyed into literary creation). Thus, the poet becomes a prophet who has to deliver a spiritual message. The musicality is also very important in this poem as it enhances the concept of incarnation. Bebop is here representative for the bridge who channels the spiritual and the physical world (as the player of the saxophone sacrifices his breath to create melodious sounds). (more…)

LiBRI: “A Splendid Isolation?” The Rise of a Concept in Victorian Identity

Mihai Vişoiu from the University of Bucharest develops a study upon the phase that the Victorian society went through, entitled by the press: ‘splendid isolation’.

The article: A Splendid Isolation? The Rise of a Concept in Victorian Identity seeks to explain the concept in the account to the historical and geographical context of Great Britain. The author provides the necessary background to analyse closely the impact of political solitude that Great Britain has surpassed in the nineteenth century, by defining specific concepts such as: ‘conceptual history’ or history of ideas.

Victorian-Era

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LiBRI: Aspects of Spanish Paremiology

In the latest volume of LiBRI journal, Alin Titi Calin from “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi contributes with a research on the Aspects of Spanish Paremiology.

Every people group has its own particular paremiological treasure. Considered “genuine diamonds of thought” by the Romanian essayist Mihai Eminescu, proverbs speak to a result of old stories, additionally a discourse demonstration, along these lines, at the end of the day, proverbs are the exponential capability of a specific dialect what’s more, of a given society.

Books-Paremiology

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LiBRI: Freedom – a Way of Surviving in the Novel Everything Flows

PhD Alina Sora from University of Bucharest, brings into the light the concept of freedom, as a way of surviving in the Vasily Grossman novel Everything Flows.

Everything Flows by Vasily Grossman
Everything Flows by Vasily Grossman

The present study concentrates in transit in which an extraordinary humanist, the Russian author Vasily Grossman, succeeds in comprehension ‘his century’, the century of the totalitarian administrations which prevented and smothered one from claiming the most essential human qualities: freedom.

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