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LIBRI (Recherche et Innovation Eclectique en Linguistique et Littérature)

LIBRI (Recherche et Innovation Eclectique en Linguistique et Littérature) représente la matérialisation d’un projet initié par deux universitaires, Bogdan Patrut et Ioan – Lucian Popa.

Il s’agit d’une revue en ligne, érudite, internationale, destinée aux spécialistes qui s’intéressent à la linguistique, à la littérature, aux études culturelles et aux autres domaines connexes. La rédaction ne publie que des articles originaux, rédigés en anglais ou en français.

Nous nous proposons d’explorer et d’examiner les mondes d’idées existants et d’établir de nouveaux territoires. Nous envisageons de collaborer avec des centres d’excellence du monde entier afin de fournir des informations et des comptes rendus autorisés dans les disciplines et les domaines spécialisés des sciences humaines. Notre ambition est d’encourager et de soutenir la pensée innovante, mais nous espérons également devenir une partie importante dans le paysage des publications académiques. Notre but est de faire de LiBRI une publication où les jeunes chercheurs, de même que les chercheurs réputés publient, comparent leur travail et établissent des collaborations.



BRAIN: Pseudo-holographic Displays as Teaching Tools in Mathematics

A pseudo-holographic display is a display that creates a virtual three-dimensional image of an object, producing viewing experiences that are virtually indistinguishable from viewing a true hologram.

In the upcoming issue of BRAIN Journal the researchers Monica Ciobanu, Antoanela Naaji, Ioan Dascal, and Ioan Virag will present in their paper “Pseudo-holographic Displays as Teaching Tools in Mathematics” an innovative approach for the education system. This team of researchers came up with the idea of creating and implementing a set of interactive teaching tool packages (ITTPs) to help students grasp abstract mathematical notions by linking them to a specific physical representation.



LiBRI: Obsessive Contradictions in ”Pădurea Spânzuraților”

“Pădurea Spânzuraţilor” written by Liviu Rebreanu is a complex novel whose fundamental theme is the inner conflict. The paper Obsessive Contradictions in ”Pădurea spânzuraților” written by Florentina Gabriela Stroe is aimed at highlighting the protagonist’s struggle to regain balance and analyzes the contradictions which occour in his mindset.

Film Adaptation: Forest of the Hanged
Film Adaptation: Forest of the Hanged (1965)

The Romanian writer Liviu Rebreanu published his work in 1922. It was partly inspired by the experience of his brother, an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army, who was hanged for espionage and desertion during World War I. The criticism of those times were very favorable for the novel and critics like Eugen Lovinescu affirmed that it is the best Romanian psychological novel and also a methodical study powered by precise facts and incidents pushed beyond the rational netting, deep inside the subconscious. No less was said by George Călinescu, who sees the novela as a monography of an agonizing incertitude, in which the main charater illustrates the psychology of the mediocre soul controlled by two different attitudes imposed from the outside.


LiBRI: Death Obsession in Anton Holban’s Novels

Death is a topic of interest for most of us and it is safe to affirm that it generates, depending on temperament and cultural level, completly different views. The theme of death is fundamental in Anton Holban’s novels as remaked by Adelina Lascu in her paper. She states that Anton Holban had always advocated for authenticity and for the cult of living, his work being deeply marked by autobiographical elements and themes like love, death, jealousy and a detailed psychological analysis of the inner self.

A death that proves nothing (1931)
A Death that Proves Nothing (1931)


BRAIN: Cursor Movement – a Valuable Indicator in Intelligent System Design

It is safe to affirm that in the present days, digital devices have become indispensable. However, the emotional state of the users of said devices tends to be ignored or considered a dispensable input. In order for a technology to be efficient, it is required to develop it in concordance with the humans’ emotional states when put in contact with said technology.


Cursor Movement – a Valuable Indicator in Intelligent System Design approaches this issue by introducing an innovative method of improving the analysis of digital device efficiency: cursor movement. This paper – written by Versavia-Maria Ancusa and Ciprian-Maniu Dragoe – aims to present a method used to read user behavior in a working computer environment.


BRAND: Symbolic Relationships in Advertisements

When talking about advertisements, one would certainly link them to the word “symbol”, as the advertisements prepare for the products that they recommend a rich symbolic life. Since the products are different, the symbolic life should also be creative and different. More than that, this is exactly the reason why symbolism is linked to commerce: because the producers are numerous and their goods similar. So, in order to differentiate their goods, the producers seem to transform them into symbols, to assign values to them.


The paper written by Costin Popescu explains some practices of advertising, mainly: visual symbolic potential stressed by verbal commentaries, product’s icon as part of a network of forms and Iconic network claimed by the brand. All of the explanations contain examples and photos in order to support the opinion. The third section of the article includes the interpretations of Boucheron’s Jaïpur. It was launched in the mid-1990s and generated a lot of discussions. It was compared to a lot of other advertisments and linked to different conceptions. The nutcracker in Cincinnati, on which the four forms dance, and advertising from the 1990s, mainly Coco. L’esprit de Chanel which shows a woman on a pedestal with stairs is brought into discussion.


BRAND: The Influence of Organizational Commitment and Motivation in the Relationship between Budget Participation and Managerial Performance (Empirical Study on Provincial Government Agencies (SKPA) of Aceh Province, Indonesia)

The paper The Influence of Organizational Commitment and Motivation in the Relationship between Budget Participation and Managerial Performance (Empirical Study on Provincial Government Agencies (SKPA) of Aceh Province, Indonesia) was written by Muslim A. Djalil, Mirna Indriani and Muttaqin.

Path Diagram of Hypothesis
Path Diagram of Hypothesis

Government employees, which have the function of planning and implementing activity programs to provide public service, are the most important element in improving the performance of local government. Mainly, the local government needs to improve its performance in providing public service. Two things are very important when talking about this: the budget management in the public sector (if it goes well, the organizational goal of government to improve the public welfare can be achieved) and managerial performance (the managerial performance comes hand in hand with the ability of the employees). Consequently, we can observe that the objective of this article is to test whether organizational commitment and motivation mediate the relationship between budget participation and managerial performance.


BRAND: The Effect of Used Information Technology, Internal Control, and Regional Accounting System on the Performance of City Governance Agency of Banda Aceh City, Indonesia

This paper presents a research which was done in order to examine the influence of utilization of information technology, internal system, and regional financial accounting system on the performance of city government agencies in Banda Aceh city government, Indonesia. 39 city government agencies (SKPK) of Banda Aceh took part in the research and, as a result, only 28 agencies are selected within city governemnt as a sample and 84 persons are employed as respondents.

Schema Framework
Schema Framework

The paper is written by Muslim Djalil, S.E. Nadirsyah, M. Rizal Yahya, Jalaluddin Jalaluddin, Syarifah Vivi Ramadhanti. The article starts with the analysis of the performance of city governance, which reflects the level of achievement of the goals of objectives of government agencies as elaboration of the vision, mission and strategy government agencies. Adisasmita (2011:91) admits that the measurement of the performance represents a management tool. Further on, the authors describe the utilization of information technology and they take into account Daft (2003:149), Griffin (2004:227), Gurendrawati (2014) and others’ points of view on the topic.


LiBRI: The Sacred in Literature and Arts

We all know that the sacred is present in our lives, but sometimes we cannot understand it and perceive it. This paper represents and endeavor of synthesizing knowledge from the field of arts, literature, art criticism and history of religions, starting with the conception of the sacred from the book The Visual Representation of the Sacred, written by Adrian Stoleriu. The paper has 3 main sections: the Sacred, the Sacred in Literature and the Sacred in Contemporary Works of Art.

The Visual Representation of the Sacred
The Visual Representation of the Sacred

Firstly, the paper defines the word “sacred” as not being related to literature or arts. But, as seen in the next lines, we realize that this word has a very large meaning. Still, the author offers broad perspectives on the Romanian, English and French definitions on the term, also decribing Rudolf Otto’s perspective, a German theologian and philosopher, and one of Mircea Eliade, a Romanian historian of religions. The author focused on the Romanian-French-English perspective of the concept and reveals the origins of the word “sacred”, linking it to its meanings.


BRAIN: Sentiment Analysis on Embedded Systems Blended Courses

The paper written by Răzvan Bogdan from the Department of Computers and Information Technology, Politehnica University of Timisoara, includes a presentation of a modality of integrating Embedded Systems Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) into blended courses. More than that, it also provides an evaluation of this approach: the sentiment analysis technique.

Twitter sentiment analysis results
Twitter sentiment analysis results

Starting with the explanation of MOOCs, the author insists on one type of courses which is still underrepresented in the field of blended courses – that of embedded systems. Consequently, we can understand that the aim of this paper is to understand, with the help of sentiment analysis, the way in which students react to blending embedded systems MOOCs into embedded system courses. We also find out that the blending variant is applied to Embedded Systems course at “Politehnica” University of Timisoara in Romania, third year of study.