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BRAIN: Evaluation of Readiness for Distance Education of Students in European Universities

Nowadays, learning is not anymore a passive process. It has become more dynamic and it has begun to use another medium than the written word or the exercise book. In the article titled Evaluation of Readiness for Distance Education of Students in European Universities, professors Diana Vasilevska, Baiba Rivza and Răzvan Bogdan present the results of an evaluation process concerning one of the most spread and new educational movements – distant education.

Distance-Education-of-Students-in-European-Universities

The evaluation included students from different states of Europe as Poland, Serbia, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus and Romania. The aim of this demarche was to see if all the students undertaking distance education are on the same level in which concerns ability, skills and knowledge. The result has shown that not all the students using the technology of distance education have a similar degree of knowledge, therefore the evaluation schemes applied to them are not qualitative for they are based on general criteria.

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BRAIN: Image Finder Mobile Application Based on Neural Networks

Technology has become more than a phenomenon used for innovation, it is now a science put in the service of making human life easier. If in the past, taking a picture of yourself required a voluminous camera with an obscure chamber, nowadays we have our cameras to ourselves for they are incorporated in our gadgets. Therefore, we take pictures of everything we see – recording reality is just one swipe away and ready in the blink of an eye. However, sometimes is difficult to skim through thousands of photos in order to find a specific one. Nabil M. Hewahi and Saira Rashid from the Department of Computer Science at the University of Bahrain propose in the latest issue of BRAIN an application set to find a specific picture based upon some drawn hints.

The methodology used for this research
The methodology used for this research

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LIBRI: The Creation of The Romanian Literary Language Theorized by Gheorghe Asachi

It is well known that the birth of both Romanian language and literature as we know and appreciate them today has its roots in the nineteenth century. Ph.D. Petra-Denisa Tcacenco, in the article entitled The Creation of The Romanian Literary Language Theorized by Gheorghe Asachi, aims to focus on a personality that had a major role in the development of Romanian language: Gheorghe Asachi.

Gheorghe Asachi
Gheorghe Asachi

Known mostly as a poet, Asachi also dedicated himself to studies regarding the internal mechanisms of the Romanian language. He even got as far as consolidating his own point of view regarding the formation of the language. The article is based upon the prefaces of Gheorghe Asachi’s volumes and publications – all of them steps made with the purpose of creating a cultural identity.  Not only he was involved in cultural movements, but he also was in the middle of national resistance, for the nineteenth century was a time when foreign influences were seeping into the process of formation of Romanian language that in that time had neither grammatical rules, nor direction.

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BRAND: A Variety of the Contract of Purchase and Sale. The Contract of Consumption

As our society is more and more interested in consumption, Radu Ursanu, professor at The Faculty of Economics and Business Administration from Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi proposed an analysis on how the state could guarantee fair regulations for people’s consumption habits.

With political instability, diplomatic conflicts and unexpected events, the world has become a less safe place. There is a free market of goods which, in the new global context, has to be controlled in order to maintain the consumer’s safety. And that happens because people’s interest in buying or selling has increased due to the variety of products and prices. The contract of consumption is a way of ensuring that both customer and seller are in a safe and lawful relation.

Contract-of-Consumption

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LIBRI: The Values of Antiquity in Contemporary Literature and Arts

In the entitled article The Values of Antiquity in Contemporary Literature and Arts, Ph.D. and lecturer, Paula Onofrei is aiming to find the common grounds between the art of the Antiquity and the art of the modern era. The article refers to both visual art and literature and their ancient legacy that is still visible today.

There is no doubt that Antiquity was and still is a source of inspiration for the modern art. It is undeniable that without the ancient period, not only we would be unable to create a link between the modern art and the past, but there wouldn’t be any art at all.

An example of contemporary art by Damián Ortega
An example of contemporary art by Damián Ortega

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BRAIN: The Differences between Emergentism and Skill Acquisition Theory

When speaking about emergentism we mainly refer to the interaction between organism and environment and that denies the existence of pre-determined, domain specific faculties or capacities. In language acquisition, emergentists state that simple learning mechanisms are sufficient to bring about the emergence of complex language representations.

The representation of neural network in connectionism
The representation of neural network in connectionism

There are two types of emergentism. On the one hand, there is one type based on input, which is the input-based emergentism (emergentist-connectionist model). On the other hand, there is the one that considers the role of the processing working memory, which, however, does not ignore the contribution of the input to the process of language acquisition, but emphasizes on the frequency of occurrence. (more…)