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BRAIN: Evaluation of Readiness for Distance Education of Students in European Universities

Nowadays, learning is not anymore a passive process. It has become more dynamic and it has begun to use another medium than the written word or the exercise book. In the article titled Evaluation of Readiness for Distance Education of Students in European Universities, professors Diana Vasilevska, Baiba Rivza and Răzvan Bogdan present the results of an evaluation process concerning one of the most spread and new educational movements – distant education.

The evaluation included students from different states of Europe as Poland, Serbia, Lithuania, Latvia, Belarus and Romania. The aim of this demarche was to see if all the students undertaking distance education are on the same level in which concerns ability, skills and knowledge. The result has shown that not all the students using the technology of distance education have a similar degree of knowledge, therefore the evaluation schemes applied to them are not qualitative for they are based on general criteria.

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BRAIN: Image Finder Mobile Application Based on Neural Networks

Technology has become more than a phenomenon used for innovation, it is now a science put in the service of making human life easier. If in the past, taking a picture of yourself required a voluminous camera with an obscure chamber, nowadays we have our cameras to ourselves for they are incorporated in our gadgets. Therefore, we take pictures of everything we see – recording reality is just one swipe away and ready in the blink of an eye. However, sometimes is difficult to skim through thousands of photos in order to find a specific one. Nabil M. Hewahi and Saira Rashid from the Department of Computer Science at the University of Bahrain propose in the latest issue of BRAIN an application set to find a specific picture based upon some drawn hints.

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LIBRI: The Creation of The Romanian Literary Language Theorized by Gheorghe Asachi

It is well known that the birth of both Romanian language and literature as we know and appreciate them today has its roots in the nineteenth century. Ph.D. Petra-Denisa Tcacenco, in the article entitled The Creation of The Romanian Literary Language Theorized by Gheorghe Asachi, aims to focus on a personality that had a major role in the development of Romanian language: Gheorghe Asachi.

Known mostly as a poet, Asachi also dedicated himself to studies regarding the internal mechanisms of the Romanian language. He even got as far as consolidating his own point of view regarding the formation of the language. The article is based upon the prefaces of Gheorghe Asachi’s volumes and publications – all of them steps made with the purpose of creating a cultural identity.  Not only he was involved in cultural movements, but he also was in the middle of national resistance, for the nineteenth century was a time when foreign influences were seeping into the process of formation of Romanian language that in that time had neither grammatical rules, nor direction.

In literature, Asachi tried to impose a Latin model of poetry, for he had a humanist and open education. In order to synchronize Romanian with Latin and its inheritor, Italian, Gheorghe Asachi made travels in Italy in order to observe similarities between Romanian and Italian, both from a cultural and linguistic point of view. Based upon his observations he could draw conclusions about what was the best method to reinforce scientific principles at the very core of the modern Romanian language that was about to appear.

Gheorghe Asachi was always in the eye of the hurricane if we are to refer to his efforts in strengthening the Romanian language and civilization. His vision upon these matters was very enlightened for his time and his contribution to Romanian national identity is indisputable.

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Ștefana Bostan

BRAND: A Variety of the Contract of Purchase and Sale. The Contract of Consumption

As our society is more and more interested in consumption, Radu Ursanu, professor at The Faculty of Economics and Business Administration from Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi proposed an analysis on how the state could guarantee fair regulations for people’s consumption habits.

With political instability, diplomatic conflicts and unexpected events, the world has become a less safe place. There is a free market of goods which, in the new global context, has to be controlled in order to maintain the consumer’s safety. And that happens because people’s interest in buying or selling has increased due to the variety of products and prices. The contract of consumption is a way of ensuring that both customer and seller are in a safe and lawful relation.

This type of contract, though not a general established form of a document, is a direction in which the entire consumption industry is going. In present, we can only speak about selling and buying contracts, documents created to implement certain rules between the protagonists of the commercial transaction.

However, among the things that need to be clarified is the whether there is a legal frame in which this type of contract can be created, or whether it is a new concept that needs a specialized law context.  The article discusses the steps that would need to be made in order to implement this contract and also the legal forms that need to be followed in order to make this concept take shape in reality.

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Ștefana Bostan

LIBRI: The Values of Antiquity in Contemporary Literature and Arts

In the entitled article The Values of Antiquity in Contemporary Literature and Arts, Ph.D. and lecturer, Paula Onofrei is aiming to find the common grounds between the art of the Antiquity and the art of the modern era. The article refers to both visual art and literature and their ancient legacy that is still visible today.

There is no doubt that Antiquity was and still is a source of inspiration for the modern art. It is undeniable that without the ancient period, not only we would be unable to create a link between the modern art and the past, but there wouldn’t be any art at all. (more…)

BRAIN: The Differences between Emergentism and Skill Acquisition Theory

When speaking about emergentism we mainly refer to the interaction between organism and environment and that denies the existence of pre-determined, domain specific faculties or capacities. In language acquisition, emergentists state that simple learning mechanisms are sufficient to bring about the emergence of complex language representations.

There are two types of emergentism. On the one hand, there is one type based on input, which is the input-based emergentism (emergentist-connectionist model). On the other hand, there is the one that considers the role of the processing working memory, which, however, does not ignore the contribution of the input to the process of language acquisition, but emphasizes on the frequency of occurrence. (more…)

BRAIN: Conscience in Language Teaching

Several factors contribute to the efficacy of an English language teacher, among which, language proficiency and emotional intelligence. Yet, there is a newly developed factor which claims to add value to a language teacher. This new factor is called language teaching conscience. Conscience is the sense of right and wrong, which tells us whether what we are doing is morally right or wrong based on particular norms, rules, or religions. Conscientious teachers seem to be more responsible for their job, classroom practice, and students’ needs. On the other hand, teachers who are emotionally more able to understand their students’ needs may have better control of the students and classroom atmosphere, thereby promoting students’ success.

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BRAIN: Is There a Relationship between Consciousness and Epilepsy?

A serious health condition that affects 1% of the global population is epilepsy. This is a neurological disorder usually detected by EEG (electroencephalography) signals, and it has as common symptom spontaneous recurrent seizures characterized by intermittent paroxysmal and highly organized rhythmic neuronal discharges in the cerebral cortex.

Epileptic seizures are caused by a large collection of neurons synchronous and abnormally discharged may occur for reasons such as trauma, oxygen insufficiency, tumors, infections and metabolic disorders. However, it is not possible to find any cause in half of the epileptic patients. Despite the fact that epilepsy is referred to as “seizure disease”, it is not correct to call seizures “epilepsy”. Seizures are symptoms, but epilepsy is a disease characterized by a recurrent seizure. Nonlinearity and a sensitive dependence on initial conditions are the requirements of the chaos. As chaos requires dependence on the initial conditions and it is unpredictable in the long run. (more…)

LiBRI: Le rôle de la langue roumaine dans le processus d’internationalisation de l’enseignement supérieur roumain

Le dernier numéro de la revue LiBRI présente, parmi les autres, l’article écrit par Oana-Luiza Barbu intitulé « Le Rôle de la Langue Roumaine dans le Processus d’Internationalisation de l’Enseignement Supérieur Roumain », à travers lequel l’auteure se propose d’analyser la manière dans laquelle la langue roumaine est instrumentalisée par le processus d’internationalisation et de voir quelles sont les résultats de ce processus.

Dans le cadre du processus d’internationalisation, la langue roumaine représente l’instrument par lequel la culture roumaine est promue, et le spécifique national est préservé. (more…)

BRAND: The Role of the Penalty Clause in Business

In the latest volume of the BRAND, the legal adviser Maria Stegariu, in the article “The Role of the Penalty Clause in Business”, explains the most important things that need to be known regarding the penalty clause and emphasizes the place that the penalty clause occupies within a business.

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