SMART 2017 International Conference

smart 2

SMART 2017 – Scientific Methods in Academic Research and Teaching is an international conference, which will be held in Timișoara, Romania, between September 8 and September 9, 2017. This year, the conference will focus on three major themes:

  • artificial intelligence
  • neuroscience
  • cognitive sciences

All papers will be published in BRAIN journal, indexed by Thomson-Reuters, in Web of Science.

banner Brain

This year, the SMART conference will be held together with the final conference of the NOVAMOOC project: Development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education.

logo-novamooc-e1480600551750NOVAMOOC is a project funded by CNCS – UEFISCDI, Human Resources Programme *(Project number: PN-II-RU-TE-2014-4-2040, Contract number: 285 / 01.10.2015, Period: October 2015 – September 2017). Details about this project, supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNCS – UEFISCDI, project number PN-II-RU-TE-2014-4-2040, can be found here:

Important Dates / Deadlines

Extended deadline August 15 August 10: abstract submission and conference registration (including payment)
September 8, 9: Conference dates
December 15: Camera-ready papers 

Keynote speakers

Utku KÖSE, Ușak University, Turkey

UtkuKose_speech1Utku Köse received the B.S. degree in 2008 from computer education of Gazi University, Turkey as a faculty valedictorian. He received M.S. degree in 2010 from Afyon Kocatepe University, Turkey in the field of computer and D.S. / Ph. D. degree in 2017 from Selcuk University, Turkey in the field of computer engineering. Between 2009 and 2011, he has worked as a Research Assistant in Afyon Kocatepe University. Following, he has also worked as a Lecturer and Vocational School – Vice Director in Afyon Kocatepe University between 2011 and 2012. Currently, he is a Lecturer in Usak University, Turkey and also the Director of the Computer Sciences Application and Research Center at the same university. His research interest includes artificial intelligence, optimization, chaos theory, distance education, e-learning, computer education, and computer science.

Bogdan Patrut, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania

bp_smart1Bogdan Patrut received the B.Sc. in Computer Science in 1994 from Faculty of Computer Science, Iasi., and the M.Sc. in Distributed Computing from the same faculty. He worked between 1997 and 2016 as PhD Associate Professor in Computer Science at “Vasile Alecsandri” University of Bacau, Romania, with a Ph.D in computer science and a Ph.D in accounting. Since 2016 he is affiliated with the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania. His domains of interest/research are in interdisciplinary research, with focus on multi-agent systems, computer science and artificial intelligence applied in education, social- and political science. He has published and edited more than 25 books on programming, algorithms, artificial intelligence, and interactive education. He is also the editor-in-chief of the journal BRAIN: Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, which is indexed in Web of Science, since 2015.


(programme is subject to change)

Thursday, Sept. 7, 2017:

  • Arrival of participants
  • 16:00-20:00: Timisoara city tour

Friday, Sept. 8, 2017

  • 09:00-09.20: Welcome Talks (Gabriela Grosseck, Madalin Bunoiu)
  • 09:20-10.10: Keynote speakers
    • 9:20-9:50: Utku Kose (Usak University, Turkey) – Are We Safe Enough in the Future of Artificial Intelligence? A Discussion on Machine Ethics and Artificial Intelligence Safety
    • 9:50-10:20: Bogdan Patrut (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania) – Artificial Emotions and Moods in a Pedagogical Agent
  • 10.20-10.40: Coffee break
  • 10:40-12.40: Paper presentations
    • 10:40-11:00: Omer Deperlioglu (Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey) – Segmentation of Heart Sounds by Re-Sampled Signal Energy Method
    • 11:00-11:20: Hakan Boz, Utku Kose (Usak University, Usak, Turkey) – Emotion Extraction from Facial Expressions by Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques
    • 11:20-11:40: Huseyin Bicen, Erkan Bal, Pelin Gur, Zohre Serttas  (Near East University Cyprus) Opinions of Special Education Teachers Toward the Determination and Usage Levels of Usage Skills of Educational Technology.
    • 11:40-12:00: Mădălin Bunoiu, Laura Malita, Gabriela Grosseck (West University of Timisoara, Romania) – Digital University – Issues and Trends in Romanian Higher Education.
    • 12:00-12:20: Simona-Elena Varlan (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania) – [Reserved title]
    • 12:20-12:40:Adina Palea (Politehnica University Timisoara, Romania) – Decreasing Dropout Rates – A Constant Challenge in E-learning Programs. The Romanian Case.
  • 12:40-14:00: Lunch and free time
  • 14:00-14:20: Book launch: Emotions, Technology, Design and Learning, Academic Press (Elsevier), Netherland, edited by Sharon Y. Tettegah (Beckman Institute, Ilinois, USA) and Martin Gartmeier (Technical University of Munchen, Germany)
  • 14:20-14:40: Book launch: Artificial Intelligence Applications in Distance Education, IGI Global, USA, edited by Utku Kose (Usak University, Turkey) and Durmus Koc (Usak University, Turkey)
  • 14:40-16:40: Paper presentations
    • 14:40-15:00: Kishor Datta Gupta, Md Manjurul Ahsan, Stefan Andrei (Lamar University, Beaumont, Texas, United States of America) – Extending the Storage Capacity and Noise Reduction of a Faster QR-Code
    • 15:00-15:20: Kamil Roman (Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin Poland – Smart City as a Concept Supporting Management Processes in Polish Cities.
    • 15:20-15:40: Billy Tak Ming Wong (The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong) – Success in Mobile and Ubiquitous Learning: Indicators of Effectiveness
    • 15:40-16:00: Naser Hatami, Farshid Javdani (Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Iran) – New Method for Interpreting Rodent Behavioral Data in Morris Water Maze Test
    • 16:00-16:20: Aurelia Ciupe Aurelia (Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania) – Towards Agile Integration within Higher Education: A Systematic Mapping Study
    • 16:20-16:40: Paula Andreea Onofrei (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi) – Russian Art and Literature
    • 16:40-17:00: Ana Iolanda Voda, Laura-Diana Radu (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania) – Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Smart Cities
  • 17:00-17:20: Coffee break
  • 17:20-19:00: Paper presentations
    • 17:20-17:40: Ramona Niculina Jurcău (Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania), Ioana Marieta Jurcău (Clinical Emergency Hospital for Children, Cluj-Napoca, Romania), Nicolae A. Colceriu (University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania), V. Bogdan (Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania) – Grapes product influence on malondialdehyde and fatigue sensation in moderate physical training
    • 17:40-18:00: Aslanbek Naziev (Ryazan State University, Russia) –The Role of Language in Teaching and Learning Mathematics
    • 18:00-18:20: Ramona Niculina Jurcău (Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania), Ioana Marieta Jurcău (Clinical Emergency Hospital for Children, Cluj-Napoca, Romania) – What do Romanian Doctors Think about Training on Adaptogens and Adaptogens Use
    • 18:20-18:40: Paula Andreea Onofrei (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania) – Aesthetic Criteria in Arts and Literature
    • 18:20-18:40: Vesela Mareva (Trakia University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria) – Synergy between Formal and Informal Learning Approaches in Teaching at the University.
    • 18:40-19:00: Monica Patrut (Vasile Alecsandri University of Bacau, Romania) – [Reserved title]
  • 19:00-20:00 Free time
  • 20:00-23:00: Gala dinner

Saturday, Sept. 9, 2017

  • 09.00- Paper presentations
    • 9:00-9:20: Serban Nicolae Meza (Technical University of Cluj-Napoca Romania) – Group Behaviour Classification in the Compressed Domain Based on Coding Semantics Distribution for Video Surveillance Sequences
    • 9:20-9:40: Younus Mahdi Salih (General Directorate of Education in Anbar Province, Ramadi, Ramadi, Irak) – A Semantic Analysis of Causative Verbs in the Holy Quran
    • 9:40-10:00: Jun Pan (Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong), Billy Tak Ming Wong (The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong) – A Corpus-Driven Study of Contrastive Markers in Cantonese‒English Political Interpreting
  • 10:00-10:20: Coffee break
  • 10:20-11:00: Paper presentations
    • 10:20-10:40: Bianca-Florentina Cheregi (National University of Political Studies and Public Administration, Bucharest, Romania) – News Discourses on Nation Branding in Post-Communist Romania: Frames and Function Frames.
    • 10:40-11:00: Iulian-Marius Furdu (Vasile Alecsandri University of Bacau, Romania) – [Reserved title]
  • 11:00-12:30: Round table (to be announced)
  • 12:30: Free time / Departure of participants

The conference program is subject to change.

General information

SMART 2017 – Scientific Methods in Academic Research and Teaching is an international conference that brings together specialists in Social Media, Education, Informatics, Neuroscience, Cognitive Science, in order to create a proper environment for debates regarding the use of new technologies and of the most creative strategies in research, higher education and other fields.The acronym SMART was also used in the previous editions of the conference (Bacau – 2013, Timisoara – 2014 and Voronet (Gura Humorului) – 2015), when it stood for “Social Media in Academia: Research and Teaching”. Since our conference in 2016, held in Timisoara, the acronym SMART is used for Scientific Methods in Academic Research and Teaching

This year the conference will focus on the topics related to our academic journal, BRAIN – Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience (indexed in Web of Science).

Indexes and Publication

The papers of SMART 2017 will be published in BRAIN – Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience,

BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neurosciences provides researchers and clinicians with the finest original contributions in artificial intelligence, cognitive sciences and neuroscience.

BRAIN is indexed in Web of Science, by Clarivate Analytics (formerly known as Thomson-Reuters).


Click here to check this information:


Ant systems, Artificial Immune Systems, Artificial Intelligence, Artificial vision., Bayesian Networks, Behavioral Neuroscience, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Cellular Neuroscience, Chaos theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Robotics, Cognitive Science, Computational Neuroscience, Cybernetics, Data Mining, Economic sciences, Education, ELearning, Electrophysiology, Evolutionary robotics, Expert systems, Facial recognition, Fuzzy systems,Genetic Algorithms, Genetics, Hybrid Intelligent Systems, Informatics, Knowledge representation, Linguistics, Logic, Mathematics, Mental simulation, Molecular biology, Multiagent systems, Natural Language Processing, Neural Networks, Neurodiversity, Neuroethics, Neuroimaging, Neurology, Neurophenomenology, Neurophysiology, Neurosurgery, Optical Character Recognition, Pattern recognition, Pharmacology, Philosophy, Political sciences, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, Psychology, Psychology, Sociology, Speech recognition, Statistics, Theories of Learning a.o.


  • You can register until August 10, 2017
  • You have to fill the registration form and send it together with your abstract by e-mail to
  • The final papers can be sent after the day of the conference (by December 15, 2017) and the authors also benefit from the possibility of having them indexed in Web of Science.


  • Participation fee:  25 euro per virtual participant / 50 euro per participant in person
  • Publication and Web of Science indexing: 75 euro per paper (reduced fee, 50% from the price on the journal website)
  • At least one author (per paper) must register at participant (virtual or in person)

Payment information:

You should pay your appropriate fee in EUR in this bank account:

  • IBAN RO 44 BTRL 0040 4201 P559 87XX
  • Bank: Banca Transilvania
  • Address of the bank: Bacau, Romania
  • Account owner: Bogdan Patrut
  • Address of the owner: 600065 Bacau, 9 Mai 82 / C / 13
  • Comment: SMART 2017 FEE
  • SWIFT code: BTRLRO22
  • BIC code: BTRL

If you want to use PayPal, please send your appropriate fee at bogdan AT edusoft DOT ro

Alternatively, Romanian participants can pay the appropriate fee in RON in :

  • IBAN RO79RZBR0000060018249327,
  • Bank: Raiffeisen Bank
  • Address of the bank: Bacau, Romania
  • Account owner: Asociatia EduSoft,
  • Information about the company: C.I.F.: 35276590
  • Address of the company: 600258 Bacau, str. M. Eminescu, nr. 1, bl. A1, ap.13,
  • Comment: DONATIE
  • BIC code: RZBR

Scientific committee

  • Ana Adi, Bournemouth University, UK
  • Bogdan Patrut, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania
  • Charlotte Holland, Dublin City University, Ireland
  • Carmen Holotescu, Ioan Slavici University of Timisoara, Romania
  • Diana Andone, University Politehnica Timisoara, Romania
  • Gabriela Grosseck, West University of Timisoara, Romania
  • Ilona Buchem, Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin
  • Ilya Levin, Tel-Aviv University, Israel
  • Jonathan Bishop, Swansea University, United Kingdom
  • Luciana Duranti, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
  • Mar Camacho, University Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona-Catalonia, Spain
  • Martin Ebner, Graz University of Technology, Austria
  • Mercedes Fisher, Milwaukee Area Technical College
  • Miikka Eriksson, University of Lapland, Finland
  • Narelle Lemon, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia
  • Monica Patrut, Vasile Alecsandri University of Bacau, Romania
  • Olena Goroshko, The National Technical University: Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute, Ukraine
  • Stefan-Trausan Matu, Bucharest “Politehnica” University & Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence “Mihai Drăgănescu”, Romanian Academy, Romania
  • Sandra Hofhues, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Germany
  • Sonia Pedro Sebastião, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal & Center for Administration and Public Policies, Portugal
  • Vaclav Stetka, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
  • Valentina Marinescu, University of Bucharest, Romania

Organizing committee

  • Bogdan Patrut, EduSoft & Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Romania
  • Emilia Șteț, EduSoft Bacau, Romania
  • Agata Asofroniei, EduSoft Bacău, Romania
  • Carmen Holotescu, Ioan Slavici University of Timisoara, Romania
  • Gabriela Grosseck, West University of Timisoara, Romania

The previous editions of SMART

Welcome to Timisoara, Romania!


Timisoara is the county seat of Timis and the most important city in western Romania. It is located in the Banat Plain, on the Bega River. Its territory covers 136 km2 and lies at 45 deg 47 min latitude North and 21deg 15 min longitude East. There are 334,081 inhabitants in Timisoara (over 450,000 with the residents).

The town was first mentioned in a donation act issued by King Andrei II in 1212. It developed during the Dynasty of Anjou, when Carol Robert built a palace that was replaced by the Huniade Castle later.

In July 1552, the Turks conquered Timisoara and made it a Turhish pashalik, The Turkish domination lasted 164 years, until October 18th 1716, when the imperial armies under prince Eugene of Savoy’s rule defeated the Turks and entered the town. Consequently, Timisoara went under Viennese administration.

The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th were amrked by the town’s strong industrial growth. Timisoara has always been known for its solid educational, scientific and cultural tradition.






Today the town has four state universities (the “Politehnica” University, the University of the West, the University of Medicine and Pharmacy and the University of Agricultural Sciences of Banat) and five private universities. Timisoara is rich in cultural and artistic traditions, especially in the theatrical and musical fields. The first theatrical performances were staged in the 18th century, only a year after the premiere of the plays in Vienna. Great musicians of the wrols like Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms, Johann Strauss jr, George Enescu, Bela Barotk, Yehudi Menuhin played for the audience in Timisoara. Starting with the second half of the 19th century, the choral, cretive and performing practices were also strongly encouraged.

There are several institutions that nourish the local effervescent artistic life, among which three national theatres and an opera house in the same building.

In December 1989, after almost 50 years of communist dictatorship, Timisoara became Romania’s first free city.

Today, the growing market economy advances on the capitalist path and the industry is centered on six industrial platforms. the open-mindedness of the people in Timisoara, the peculiar town planning (Romanian tradition combined with Austrian and modern elements), the interesting mixture of cultures (romanian, serbian, hungarian, german), the great material production, the quality of the services and the upstanding cultural life make Timisoara a city worthy of European standards.
The local time in Timisoara is GMT+2.

How to reach Timisoara

There are some direct flights from European main cities to Timisoara: from Paris (Beauvais), Dortmund, München (Franz Josef Strauss), Milano-Bergamo (Orio al Serio), Bologna (L. Ridolfi), Rome (Ciampino), Treviso, Verona, London (Luton), Barcelona (El Prat, Madrid (Barajas), Valencia (Manises), Bucharest (H. Coanda)
Also, you can fly to Timisoara via Bucharest, from a lot of international locations
Other close airport (41min of driving on A1 motorway) is Arad. There are direct flights to Arad from Milan (Malpensa) and Bergamo. If you arrive in Bucharest, you can come in Timisoara renting a car (7 h of driving) or by train (8:30 h).

Trains schedule:
The official website for travel and tourism:

For participants from Hungary, Serbia, Slovenia, and Croatia, we recommend them to come by car, because Timisoara is very close to the Eastern border of Romania with these countries.

Visa information

Please see the ROMANIA Ministry of Foreign Affairs official website.

West University of Timisoara

Over the last twelve years, the University has responded to changes in national educational policy, to demographic shifts, to a radically different economy and marketplace requirements, to emerging local and regional needs, and to new technologies.

All of these changes have led, in turn, to new expectations on the part of students, staff, and administrators. The University equips individuals with skills needed for effective contribution to society. This work is currently done through eleven faculties that provide a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs.

The results reached in many programs involving international collaboration – particularly in mobility programs like Socrates, PHARE, Leonardo de Vinci, etc.—are indeed impressive and are among the best achievements of the University.

The overall impression we received of WUT is that of a very creative, energetic, active, and innovative University. All staff members, both teaching and research, are very enthusiastic and determined to experiment with all the new opportunities and modalities offered by I.T. Furthermore good multimedia tools were available in most classrooms in the new buildings, ( e.g. those of Economic Sciences and Law).

Venue / Location of the conference

This year, the SMART conference will be co-organized with the final conference of the NOVAMOOC project: Development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education.

The conference will be held in A01 amphiteatre from West University of Timisoara, 4 Vasile Parvan Avenue, Timisoara, 300223, Timis, Romania.


BRAIN: Personality Questionnaires as a Basis for Improvement of University Courses in Applied Computer Science and Informatics

In order to ensure optimal teaching conditions for university students, attention should be brought to their personality traits and academic performance. In the paper Personality Questionnaires as a Basis for Improvement of University Courses in Applied Computer Science and Informatics, the authors Vladimir Ivančević, Marko Knežević, and Ivan Luković present the foundation for such an adaptation of the teaching process, supported by an analytical software solution (in its initial version).

The software solution presents two main components: a data warehouse for storing collected data and an analytical software tool (built using the Shiny framework). The data warehouse contains collected data about student academic performance and personality traits, while the analytical tool is a web application that retrieves data from the data warehouse or external CSV files matching the required structure and allows analysts to perform exploration and analysis of data concerning student performance and personality.

 A data warehouse schema segment for scores of university students on scales of personality questionnaires

A data warehouse schema segment for scores of university students on scales of personality questionnaires


BRAIN: Novel Detection Features for SSVEP Based BCI: Coefficient of Variation and Variation Speed

In neurology and neuroscience research, Steady-State Visually Evoked Potential (SSVEP) are brain signals which occur in response to visual stimulation. The paper Novel Detection Features for SSVEP Based BCI: Coefficient of Variation and Variation Speed – written by Abdullah Talha Sözer and Can Bülent Fidan – aims to introduce novel detection features for the SSVEP based brain computer interfaces. Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a collaboration between a brain and a device that enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, such as control of a cursor or a prosthetic limb. The interface enables direct communication between the brain and the object to be controlled.

Time vs frequency analysis of 10 Hz SSVEP response

Time vs frequency analysis of 10 Hz SSVEP response


BRAIN: Cursor Movement – a Valuable Indicator in Intelligent System Design

It is safe to affirm that in the present days, digital devices have become indispensable. However, the emotional state of the users of said devices tends to be ignored or considered a dispensable input. In order for a technology to be efficient, it is required to develop it in concordance with the humans’ emotional states when put in contact with said technology.


Cursor Movement – a Valuable Indicator in Intelligent System Design approaches this issue by introducing an innovative method of improving the analysis of digital device efficiency: cursor movement. This paper – written by Versavia-Maria Ancusa and Ciprian-Maniu Dragoe – aims to present a method used to read user behavior in a working computer environment.


BRAND: Symbolic Relationships in Advertisements

When talking about advertisements, one would certainly link them to the word “symbol”, as the advertisements prepare for the products that they recommend a rich symbolic life. Since the products are different, the symbolic life should also be creative and different. More than that, this is exactly the reason why symbolism is linked to commerce: because the producers are numerous and their goods similar. So, in order to differentiate their goods, the producers seem to transform them into symbols, to assign values to them.


The paper written by Costin Popescu explains some practices of advertising, mainly: visual symbolic potential stressed by verbal commentaries, product’s icon as part of a network of forms and Iconic network claimed by the brand. All of the explanations contain examples and photos in order to support the opinion. The third section of the article includes the interpretations of Boucheron’s Jaïpur. It was launched in the mid-1990s and generated a lot of discussions. It was compared to a lot of other advertisments and linked to different conceptions. The nutcracker in Cincinnati, on which the four forms dance, and advertising from the 1990s, mainly Coco. L’esprit de Chanel which shows a woman on a pedestal with stairs is brought into discussion.


BRAND: The Influence of Organizational Commitment and Motivation in the Relationship between Budget Participation and Managerial Performance (Empirical Study on Provincial Government Agencies (SKPA) of Aceh Province, Indonesia)

The paper The Influence of Organizational Commitment and Motivation in the Relationship between Budget Participation and Managerial Performance (Empirical Study on Provincial Government Agencies (SKPA) of Aceh Province, Indonesia) was written by Muslim A. Djalil, Mirna Indriani and Muttaqin.

Path Diagram of Hypothesis

Path Diagram of Hypothesis

Government employees, which have the function of planning and implementing activity programs to provide public service, are the most important element in improving the performance of local government. Mainly, the local government needs to improve its performance in providing public service. Two things are very important when talking about this: the budget management in the public sector (if it goes well, the organizational goal of government to improve the public welfare can be achieved) and managerial performance (the managerial performance comes hand in hand with the ability of the employees). Consequently, we can observe that the objective of this article is to test whether organizational commitment and motivation mediate the relationship between budget participation and managerial performance.


BRAND: The Effect of Used Information Technology, Internal Control, and Regional Accounting System on the Performance of City Governance Agency of Banda Aceh City, Indonesia

This paper presents a research which was done in order to examine the influence of utilization of information technology, internal system, and regional financial accounting system on the performance of city government agencies in Banda Aceh city government, Indonesia. 39 city government agencies (SKPK) of Banda Aceh took part in the research and, as a result, only 28 agencies are selected within city governemnt as a sample and 84 persons are employed as respondents.

Schema Framework

Schema Framework

The paper is written by Muslim Djalil, S.E. Nadirsyah, M. Rizal Yahya, Jalaluddin Jalaluddin, Syarifah Vivi Ramadhanti. The article starts with the analysis of the performance of city governance, which reflects the level of achievement of the goals of objectives of government agencies as elaboration of the vision, mission and strategy government agencies. Adisasmita (2011:91) admits that the measurement of the performance represents a management tool. Further on, the authors describe the utilization of information technology and they take into account Daft (2003:149), Griffin (2004:227), Gurendrawati (2014) and others’ points of view on the topic.


LiBRI: The Sacred in Literature and Arts

We all know that the sacred is present in our lives, but sometimes we cannot understand it and perceive it. This paper represents and endeavor of synthesizing knowledge from the field of arts, literature, art criticism and history of religions, starting with the conception of the sacred from the book The Visual Representation of the Sacred, written by Adrian Stoleriu. The paper has 3 main sections: the Sacred, the Sacred in Literature and the Sacred in Contemporary Works of Art.

The Visual Representation of the Sacred

The Visual Representation of the Sacred

Firstly, the paper defines the word “sacred” as not being related to literature or arts. But, as seen in the next lines, we realize that this word has a very large meaning. Still, the author offers broad perspectives on the Romanian, English and French definitions on the term, also decribing Rudolf Otto’s perspective, a German theologian and philosopher, and one of Mircea Eliade, a Romanian historian of religions. The author focused on the Romanian-French-English perspective of the concept and reveals the origins of the word “sacred”, linking it to its meanings.


BRAIN: Sentiment Analysis on Embedded Systems Blended Courses

The paper written by Răzvan Bogdan from the Department of Computers and Information Technology, Politehnica University of Timisoara, includes a presentation of a modality of integrating Embedded Systems Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) into blended courses. More than that, it also provides an evaluation of this approach: the sentiment analysis technique.

Twitter sentiment analysis results

Twitter sentiment analysis results

Starting with the explanation of MOOCs, the author insists on one type of courses which is still underrepresented in the field of blended courses – that of embedded systems. Consequently, we can understand that the aim of this paper is to understand, with the help of sentiment analysis, the way in which students react to blending embedded systems MOOCs into embedded system courses. We also find out that the blending variant is applied to Embedded Systems course at “Politehnica” University of Timisoara in Romania, third year of study.


BRAIN: Right-Linear Languages Generated in Systems of Knowledge Representation based on LSG

Daniela Dănciulescu (University of Craiova), Mihaela Colhon (University of Craiova) and Gheorghe Grigoraș (Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași) worked on a study which extends the method presented in a work of Tudor (Preda) (2010), mainly the method for formal languages generation based on labeled stratified graph representations. The authors consider the stratified graph formalism in a system of knowledge representation and reasoning. The paper offers a method that will be good to be applied for generating any Right Linear Language construction.

The graphical representation of a morphism

The graphical representation of a morphism

The paper consists of four sections. The first one is an introductory one, the second sections provides the theoretical background behind the presented study. The manner in which the language generation mechanism is designed by means of a system of knowledge representation and reasoning is presented in section three and the final section includes concluding ideas and the future study of the researchers.


BRAIN: Solving Optimization Problem via Vortex Optimization Algorithm and Cognitive Development Optimization Algorithm

The article written by Ahmet Demir from Harahalli Vocational School, Usak University, Ușak, Turkey and Utku Kose from Computer Sciences Application and Research Center, Usak University, Ușak, Turkey is a research which takes into account the importance of optimization and of solving its problems. They propose intelligent optimization techniques based on Artificial Intelligence in order to use them for optimization problems. So that they can provide a comparative study on the employment of classical optimization solutions and Artificial Intelligence solutions, two optimization algorithms are proposed: Vortex Optimization Algorithm (VOA) and Cognitive Development Optimization Algorithm (CoDOA).

Flow chart of the VOA

Flow chart of the VOA

Optimization is defined as choosing the best set of alternatives for a certain thing, but also taking some rules into consideration. It is not important just in science, but in real life, too. A lot of fields in our life function now according to different applications which use optimization. But things do not stop here. Optimization also brings certain problems with it, as it is constantly changing. Consequently, different advanced optimization solutions have been introduced in time.